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Frederick Douglass

Frederick Douglass: Robert E. Hayden3
When it is finally ours, this freedom, this liberty, this beautiful
and terrible thing, needful to man as air,
usable as earth; when it belongs at least to our children,
when it is truly instinct, brain matter, diastole, systole,
reflex action; when it is finally won; when it is more
than the gaudy mumbo jumbo of politicians;
this man, this Douglass, this former slave, this Negro
beaten to his knees, exiled, visionizing a world
where none is lonely, none hunted, alien,
this man, superb in love and logic, this man
shall be remembered. Oh, not with statues' rhetoric,
not with legends and poems and wreaths of bronze along,
but with the lives grown out of his life, the lives
fleshing his dream of the beautiful, needful thing. (Dark Symphony Negro Literature in America, Emanuel and Gross, p 485)

 John Brown: "He could not stand to hear the word slavery. . .Talk. John Brown was tired of talk he was on his way to the gallows. With him was Dangerfield Newby, forty-four, Newby was a free Negro who had a wife and seven children in slavery about thirty miles from Harpers Ferry. At a secret meeting in stone quarry near Chambersburg, Pa., John Brown tried to recruit Frederick Douglass to for his Virginia raid, August 20 ( attempt to attack, abolish slavery). Douglass advised Brown that the raid was ill-advised. John Brown attacked Harpers Ferry, V., with 13 white men and five Negroes, Oct16-17. Of the five Negroes, two were killed, two were captured, and one escaped." Before the Mayflower, Leon Bennett, Jr., pp 144, 146-147, 157-158}

 Toussaint L'Ouverture
"Before Toussaint L' Ouverture, the history of Haiti, could be summed up in one word: slavery. . .As the revouion in France gained momentum, the far away island of Saint domingue became increasingly restless. . .August 9,1789 . . . French territory reverberated to the rhythm of hundreds of drums. Toussaint collected his forces and joined the Spaniards to war against the French army. . .Emperor Napoleon held a very low opinion of the black former rulers of the colony. " Toussaint L' Ouverture, et al. loom like a triple peaked mountain in the history of Haiti. La Citadel stands today as a monument to those champions of freedom."(John W. Vandercook, Black Majesty, New York)
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